T.C. MINISTRY HEALTH Mersin Provincial Health Directorate Mersin Toros State Hospital

T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı
Mersin Provincial Health Directorate Mersin Toros State Hospital

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Updated: 03/01/2019

Otolaryngology or ENT (ear, nose, and throat) is the branch of medicine and surgery that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the head and neck.

Head and neck oncology

  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx
  • Oral cancer
  • Skin Cancer of the head & neck
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Endocrine surgery of the head and neck (thyroidectomy, parathyroidectomy)
  • Microvascular free flap reconstruction
  • Skull base surgery
  • Salivary gland cancer

Otology and neuro-otology

  • Dizziness
    • BPPV – benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
    • Labyrinthitis/vestibular neuronitis
    • Ménière’s disease/endolymphatic hydrops
    • Perilymphatic fistula
    • Acoustic neuroma
  • Hearing loss
  • Mastoiditis
  • Otitis externa – outer ear or ear canal inflammation
  • Otitis media – middle ear inflammation
  • Otitis interna – inner ear inflammation
  • Perforated eardrum (hole in the eardrum due to infection, trauma, explosion or loud noise)
  • Ear surgery


Rhinology pertains to sinus diseases and the anterior skull base.

  • Environmental allergies
  • Sinusitis – acute, chronic
  • Rhinitis
  • Empty nose syndrome


  • Adenoidectomy
  • Caustic ingestion
  • Cricotracheal resection
  • Decannulation
  • laryngomalacia
  • Laryngotracheal reconstruction
  • Myringotomy and tubes
  • Obstructive sleep apnea – pediatric
  • Tonsillectomy


  • Dysphonia/hoarsenes
    • Laryngitis
    • Reinke’s edema
    • Vocal cord nodules and polyps
  • Spasmodic dysphonia
  • Tracheostomy
  • Cancer of the larynx
  • Vocology – science and practice of voice habilitation